Helicobacter pylori eradication for low-grade gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma is more successful in inducing remission in distal compared to proximal disease

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Kim, J S; Chung, S J; Choi, Y S; Cheon, J H; Kim, C W; Kim, S G; Jung, H C; Song, I S
Issue Date
Nature Publishing Group
Br J Cancer 96(9):1324-1328.
Anti-Bacterial Agents/*therapeutic useFollow-Up StudiesGastric Mucosa/microbiology/*pathologyHelicobacter Infections/pathology/*prevention & control/transmission*Helicobacter pylori/drug effectsLymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone/microbiology/pathology/*prevention &Neoplasm StagingRecurrenceStomach Neoplasms/*microbiology/pathology/prevention & control
A series of studies has shown that Helicobacter pylori eradication induces remission in most patients with low-grade gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. However, there have been few reports about the effect of bacterial treatment on the gastric MALT lymphoma in Korea, a well-known H. pylori endemic area. A total of 111 H. pylori-infected patients were prospectively enrolled in Seoul National University Hospital and 99 among them were completely followed up according to our protocol. After H. pylori eradication, tumoural response was evaluated by endoscopy and histopathology every 2-3 months till complete remission (CR) and every 6 months after achieving CR. Median follow-up period was 41 months (range, 11-125 months). Helicobacter pylori was successfully eradicated in all 99 patients and CR was obtained in 84 (84.8%) of 99 patients. The median time to reach CR was 3 months and 94% of CR is in continuous complete remission. Five patients with CR relapsed after 10-22 months without the evidence of H. pylori reinfection. Cumulative recurrence rate was 2.3, 7.7 and 9.3% at 1, 2 and 3 years, respectively. Tumours were mainly located in distal stomach (67.7%) and tumours in distal stomach were associated with more favourable response than those in proximal stomach (P=0.001). Majority of patients with low-grade gastric MALT lymphoma treated by exclusive H. pylori eradication have a favourable long-term outcome, offering a real chance of cure. Tumour location could be a predictive factor for remission following H. pylori eradication.
0007-0920 (Print)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Pathology (병리학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_병리학전공)
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