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Postoperative air leak grading is useful to predict prolonged air leak after pulmonary lobectomy

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Authors
Oh, Sang Gi; Jung, Yochun; Jheon, Sanghoon; Choi, Yunhee; Yun, Ju Sik; Na, Kook Joo; Ahn, Byoung Hee
Issue Date
2017-01-23
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 12(1):1
Keywords
Prolonged air leakLobectomyAir leak grade
Description
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and
reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to
the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Abstract
Background
Results of studies to predict prolonged air leak (PAL; air leak longer than 5 days) after pulmonary lobectomy have been inconsistent and are of limited use. We developed a new scale representing the amount of early postoperative air leak and determined its correlation with air leak duration and its potential as a predictor of PAL.

Methods
We grade postoperative air leak using a 5-grade scale. All 779 lobectomies from January 2005 to December 2009 with available medical records were reviewed retrospectively. We devised six ‘SUM’ variables using air leak grades in the initial 72 h postoperatively.

Results
Excluding unrecorded cases and postoperative broncho-pleural fistulas, there were 720 lobectomies. PAL occurred in 135 cases (18.8%). Correlation analyses showed each SUM variable highly correlated with air leak duration, and the SUM4to9, which was the sum of six consecutive values of air leak grades for every 8 h record on postoperative days 2 and 3, was proved to be the most powerful predictor of PAL; PAL could be predicted with 75.7% and 77.7% positive and negative predictive value, respectively, when SUM4to9 ≥ 16. When 4 predictors derived from multivariable logistic regression of perioperative variables were combined with SUM4to9, there was no significant increase in predictability compared with SUM4to9 alone.

Conclusions
This simple new method to predict PAL using SUM4to9 showed that the amount of early postoperative air leak is the most powerful predictor of PAL, therefore, grading air leak after pulmonary lobectomy is a useful method to predict PAL.
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/100384
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13019-017-0568-6
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Thoracic Surgery (흉부외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_흉부외과학전공)
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