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Increased urinary Angiotensinogen/Creatinine (AGT/Cr) ratio may be associated with reduced renal function in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease patients

Cited 16 time in Web of Science Cited 16 time in Scopus
Authors
Park, Hayne Cho; Kang, Ah-Young; Jang, Joon Young; Kim, Hyunsuk; Han, Miyeun; Oh, Kook-Hwan; Kim, Seung Hyup; Noh, Jung Woo; Cheong, Hae Il; Hwang, Young-Hwan; Ahn, Curie
Issue Date
2015-06-20
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
BMC Nephrology, 16(1):86
Keywords
AngiotensinogenAutosomal dominant polycystic kidney diseaseBiomarkersRenal functionRenin-angiotensin system
Description
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited.
Abstract
Background
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common hereditary kidney diseases that frequently result in renal failure. In this cross-sectional observational cohort study, we evaluated urinary angiotensinogen (AGT) as a potential biomarker to assess renal function in ADPKD.

Methods
Urinary AGT was measured in 233 ADPKD patients and its association with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and height-adjusted total kidney volume (htTKV) were evaluated. The localization of AGT and other renin-angiotensin system (RAS)-related molecules were identified using immunohistochemistry in human ADPKD tissues.

Results
Baseline urinary AGT/Cr was negatively correlated with CKD-EPI eGFR (r 2= 0.162, P < 0.001) and positively correlated with htTKV (r2 = 0.107, P < 0.001). Both urinary AGT/Cr and plasma renin activity levels were significantly elevated in hypertensive ADPKD patients. Among hypertensive subjects, urinary AGT/Cr was significantly increased in the advanced CKD stages (III-V) compared to early CKD stages (I-II) (28.6 ± 60.3 vs. 93.2 ± 139.3 μg/g, P < 0.001). Immunohistochemical study showed strong expression of AGT along the cyst-lining epithelial cells as well as the nearby compressed tubular epithelial cells.

Conclusions
Our results suggested that urinary AGT/Cr may be a valuable biomarker for renal damage in ADPKD since intrarenal ischemic insults induced by cyst growth and subsequent intrarenal RAS activation may play a potential role in the development of hypertension and renal dysfunction in ADPKD.
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/100567
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-015-0075-8
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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