S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Cancer Research Institute (암연구소) Journal Papers (저널논문_암연구소)
Optimization of patient selection for gefitinib in non-small cell lung cancer by combined analysis of epidermal growth factor receptor mutation, K-ras mutation, and Akt phosphorylation
- Han, Sae-Won; Kim, Tae-You; Jeon, Yoon Kyung; Hwang, Pil Gyu; Im, Seock-Ah; Lee, Kyung-Hun; Kim, Jee Hyun; Kim, Dong-Wan; Heo, Dae Seog; Kim, Noe Kyeong; Chung, Doo Hyun; Bang, Yung-Jue
- Issue Date
- American Association for Cancer Research
- Clinical Cancer Research, Vol.12 No.8, pp.2538-2544
- Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/*drug therapy/genetics/metabolism; DNA Mutational Analysis; Female; Gene Dosage; Genes, ras/*genetics; Humans; In Situ Hybridization; Lung Neoplasms/*drug therapy/genetics/metabolism; Male; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Mutation/genetics; PTEN Phosphohydrolase/metabolism; Patient Selection; Phosphorylation/drug effects; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/*metabolism; Quinazolines/*therapeutic use; Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor/antagonists & inhibitors/*genetics; Receptor, erbB-2/genetics; Survival Analysis
- Purpose: Mutations in epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are strongly predictive of gefitinib efficacy in non - small-cell lung cancer. However, the presence of EGFR mutant nonresponses and nonmutant responses points out the need for more comprehensive analysis. Patients and Methods: For 69 non - small-cell lung cancer patients treated with gefitinib, we have extended our analysis to EGFR gene copy number by fluorescence in situ hybridization, mutations in K-ras, HER2, and exon 20 of EGFR by direct sequencing, and phosphatase and tensin homologue expression by immunohistochemistry, in addition to EGFR exons 18,19, and 21, and phosphorylations of Akt and extracellular signal - regulated kinase reported previously. Results: EGFR mutation and high gene copy number were associated with better objective response in univariate analysis. However, only gefitinib-sensitive EGFR mutation was independently predictive of both response (P = 0.011) and survival (P = 0.002) in multivariate analysis. No patients with K-ras mutation, including two EGFR mutants, showed response. In EGFR nonmutants, patients with either K-ras mutation or p-Akt overexpression exhibited poor response and time-to-progression whereas patients with high gene copy number tended to have better outcomes in univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis of time-to-progression in EGFR nonmutants, K-ras mutation or p-Akt overexpression was associated with shorter time-to-progression (P = 0.017). No patient with HER2 mutation showed response to gefitinib. Reduced phosphatase and tensin homologue expression was not associated with gefitinib sensitivity. Conclusion: Gefitinib-sensitive EGFR mutation is the single most important predictor of gefitinib sensitivity. In addition to EGFR mutation, K-ras mutation and Akt phosphorylation aid in better prediction of gefitinib responsiveness in non - small-cell lung cancer.
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