식민지기 상속관습법의 타당성에 대한 재검토 -가족인 장남의 사망과 상속인의 범위-
Review on Validity of Customs on Inheritance during the Colonial Period -Who were heirs when the eldest son died before his father as a household head-

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서울대학교 법학연구소
법학, Vol.50 No1 pp.287-320
조선시대의 상속조선민사령식민지의 관습가족의 사망과 상속Inheritance of the Chosun DynastyCustoms during the Colonial PeriodDeath and Inheritance of Household MembersPatriarchal Systemthe Chosun Civil OrdinanceHousehold Head,
According to the Chosun Civil Ordinance(promulgated in 1912) and the Korean
Civil Code(promulgated in 1958), customary laws on kinship and inheritance were
acknowledged as legal sources which could be applied to cases before 1960.
Although customs on inheritance during the colonial period were confirmed by the
Chosun High Court of Justice, there still remained many problems about practical
affairs. Especially the main issue was about who should be a legal heir in case the
eldest son who was a household member died. This article approaches this problem
from a historical point of view.
A feature of the Chosun Dynasty changed from an equal society to a patriarchal
one in the latter period of it. Customs confirmed during the colonial period focused
on the household head system which gave priority to the eldest son. These customs
reflected a real social aspect of the latter period of the Chosun Dynasty. Thus an
argument that the Chosun Government-General of Japanese Imperialism distorted
customs of the traditional Korean society intentionally to make them comply with
those of Japanese Imperialism has no solid ground. However, it is also incorrect to
argue that Japanese Imperialism had little influence on customs of the traditional
Korean society. It is because the patriarchal system just recognized as a practice in
the traditional Korean society got to be acknowledged as a norm during the
colonial period. Japanese Imperialism played a decisive role in making customary
laws standards of behavior.
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College of Law/Law School (법과대학/대학원)The Law Research Institute (법학연구소) 법학법학 Volume 50, Number 1/4 (2009)
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