Anterior spinal artery as a collateral channel in cases of bilateral vertebral arterial steno-occlusive diseases

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Kang, H.-S.; Han, M.H.; Kim, S.H.; Kwon, O.-K.; Roh, H.G.; Koh, Y.C.
Issue Date
American Society of Neuroradiology
AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2007;28:222-225
AngiographyBrain Stem/blood supplyCerebral AngiographyCerebrovascular Circulation*Collateral CirculationSeverity of Illness IndexSpinal Cord/*blood supplyVertebral Artery/physiopathology/radiographyVertebrobasilar Insufficiency/*physiopathology/*radiography
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report 6 cases of retrograde flow through the anterior spinal artery (ASA) from cervical vertebral artery (VA) to intracranial distal VA because the perfusion from bilateral vertebral arteries was tenuous. Its hemodynamic and clinical implications are discussed. METHODS: In association with bilateral steno-occlusive disease of vertebral arteries, 6 cases of retrograde flow through ASA were reviewed in terms of clinical and angiographic characteristics. All 6 patients presented with stroke in the posterior fossa and underwent conventional angiography as part of diagnostic evaluation and/or therapeutic intervention. RESULTS: On the angiography, 2 patients showed bilateral VA occlusion, and the other 4 patients showed VA occlusion on 1 side and severe stenosis in the other VA. Distal perfusion by ASA was prominent in 2, and not prominent in 4. Reversal or disappearance of the retrograde flow through ASA was observed after successful recanalization of the occluded VA in 4 patients. In 1 patient, increased perfusion through ASA was observed because the stenosed VA was completely occluded. CONCLUSION: When the vertebral arteries were occluded bilaterally or when a single VA was occluded and the other carried a severe stenosis and, as a result, the basilar arterial blood supply was tenuous, retrograde flow through ASA could be observed. This is a potentially important source of collateral supply to the posterior fossa neural contents. The degree and extent of perfusion via this collateral channel varied depending on presence of other collateral routes and patency of the vertebrobasilar junction.
0195-6108 (Print)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dept. of Radiation Applied Life Science (대학원 협동과정 방사선응용생명과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_방사선응용생명과학)
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