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Isn’t it a pyrrhic victory?: over-privatization and universal access in tertiary education of Korea

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Authors
Kim, Ki-Seok; Woo, Yong-Je
Issue Date
2009
Publisher
Springer Verlag
Citation
Asia Pacific Education Review, 10(1), 125-137
Keywords
privatizationuniversal accessTertiary education for allOver-privatization
Description
Keynote speech of the 8 th ICER, ERI, Seoul National University, 2007
Abstract
This paper analyzes the Korean passage to tertiary education for all. With a specific focus on traditional form of higher education, it tries to answer the questions of how and why this extra-ordinary phenomenon happens in a short period time. Applying a historical sociology method, it attempts to explain the mechanism and consequences of the simultaneous transition to universal access to both the secondary and tertiary education. Over-privatization has been the primary mechanism behind the simultaneous transition since the late 1960’s. Such a heavy overflow of privatization in achieving universal access places a significant financial burden on families, particularly those of a disadvantaged socioeconomic status. The more financial resources that come from the private sector, the more difficult it becomes to attain equitable access. There is no sign of a narrowing in the gap which exist between regions, socioeconomic status, gender, and family background, all of which have led to the inequality of access to universities and colleges. My final reflections are put on a simple question: “is this a story of victory or a pyrrhic one?”
ISSN
1598-1037
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/11127
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12564-009-9007-2
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College of Education (사범대학)Dept. of Education (교육학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_교육학과)
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