Skull base surgery for removal of temporal bone tumors

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Kim, Chong-Sun; Suh, Myung-Whan
Issue Date
Informa Healthcare
Acta Otolaryngol Suppl 2007;558:4-14
Skull basetemporal boneschwannomaglomus tumorsquamous cell carcinomaTinnitus/etiologyVertigo/etiology
CONCLUSION: When selecting the appropriate surgical approach the pathological type of tumor, the physiological status as well as the functional aspects should be considered. Understanding the strengths and weaknesses of each surgical technique and knowledge of the particular tumor biology facilitates selection of the most appropriate surgical approach and a successful outcome. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review cases that underwent skull base surgery for a variety of tumors that involved the temporal bone. We reviewed a single center's 25-year experience for epidemiologic characteristics, symptoms, treatment type and outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records and radiological images of 91 patients, who underwent skull base surgery, were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Among the 91 patients, 61 cases had benign disease and 30 had malignancies. A facial nerve schwannoma was the most common benign intratemporal tumor and a squamous cell carcinoma was the most common malignant tumor. With the facial nerve schwannoma, facial nerve paralysis and hearing loss were the most common presenting complaints; otalgia was the most common presenting symptom for temporal bone cancer. For patients with a glomus tumor, there was a characteristic pulsating tinnitus. A majority of the facial nerve schwannomas were resectable through the transmastoid approach. The infratemporal fossa approach type A was usually required for lower cranial nerve schwannomas and glomus jugulare tumors. However, the fallopian bridge technique with hypotympanectomy was another surgical option. Partial temporal bone resection and subtotal temporal bone resections were performed in cases with temporal bone cancer. The disease free 5-year survival of the temporal bone cancers was 42% and for the squamous cell carcinomas, it was 44%.
0365-5237 (Print)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Otorhinolaryngology (이비인후과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_이비인후과학전공)
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