Biomechanical and histomorphometric study on the bone-screw interface of bioactive ceramic-coated titanium screws

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Lee, Jae Hyup; Ryu, Hyun-Seung; Lee, Dong-Soo; Hong, Kug Sun; Chang, Bong-Soon; Lee, Choon-Ki
Issue Date
Biomaterials 2005;26:3249-57
Bioactive ceramicCoatingTitanium screwOsseointegrationBiomechanicalHistomorphometric analysis
The purpose of this study was to compare the osseointegration of 4 different kinds of bioactive ceramic-coated screws with uncoated screws by biomechanical and histomorphometric analysis. Calcium pyrophosphate (CPP), apatite-wollastonite 1:3 glass ceramic (W3G), apatite-wollastonite 1:1 glass ceramic (WAG) and bioactive CaO-SiO2-B2O3 glass ceramic (CSG) coatings were prepared and coated by the dipping method. Coated and uncoated titanium screws were inserted into the tibia of 18 adult mongrel male dogs for 2, 4, and 8 weeks. The insertion torques, radiographs, undecalcified histology, histomorphometric analysis, and extraction torques were evaluated. No difference of insertion torque was found among the five screw types. At 2 and 4 weeks after implantation, the extraction torque of ceramic-coated screws was significantly higher than that of uncoated screws (p < or = 0.0001). At 8 weeks, the extraction torques of CPP-, W3G-, and WAG-coated screws were significantly higher than those of CSG-coated and uncoated screws (p<0.0001). At 2, 4, and 8 weeks, the extraction torques of 4 different ceramic-coated screws were significantly higher than the corresponding insertion torque. Strong fixation was observed even at 2 weeks in the CPP-, W3G- and WAG-coated screws. The bone-screw contacts of the 4 different coated screws at 2 and 4 weeks were statistically higher than that of the uncoated screws, and the bone-screw contacts of the CPP-, W3G- and WAG-coated screws at 8 weeks were also statistically higher than that of the uncoated screws. The fixation strength was increased by the presence of osteoconductive coating materials, such as CPP, W3G, and WAG, which enabled to achieve higher fixation strength even as early as 2-8 weeks after the insertion.
0142-9612 (Print)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정형외과학전공)
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