Application of Synthetic Aperture Radar to Coastal Oceanic Phenomena in the Seas around Korea
한반도 주변해 연안 해양현상에 대한 합성개구레이더 활용

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Tae-Sung Kim
사범대학 과학교육과
Issue Date
서울대학교 대학원
SARwindupwellingstability effectoil spillHebei Spiritneural networktidal currentEkman drift
학위논문 (박사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 과학교육과 (지구과학전공), 2016. 8. 박경애.
In this thesis, the applicability of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) to interpretation of oceanic phenomena at the coastal regions around Korea peninsula is presented. For that, the spatial and temporal variations of SAR-derived coastal wind fields and evolution of disastrous oil spills on SAR images were analyzed in relation to atmospheric and oceanic environmental factors using in-situ measurement and satellite observations. The SAR wind fields retrieved from the east coast of Korea in August 2007 during the upwelling period revealed a spatial distinction between near and offshore regions. Low wind speeds were associated with cold water regions with dominant coastal upwelling. Time series of in-situ measurements of both wind speed and water temperature indicated that the upwelling was induced by the wind field. SAR data at the present upwelling region showed a relatively large backscattering attenuation to SST ratio of 1.2 dB ºC−1 compared the known dependence of the water viscosity on the radar backscattering. In addition, wind speed magnitude showed a positive correlation with the difference between SST and air temperature. It implies that the low wind field from SAR was mainly induced by changes in atmospheric stability due to air-sea temperature differences. Oil spills at the Hebei Spirit accident off the coast of Korea in the Yellow Sea were identified using SAR data and their evolution was investigated. To quantitatively analyze the spatial and temporal variations of oil spills, objective detection methods based on adaptive thresholding and a neural network were applied. Prior to applying, the results from two methods were compared for verification. It showed good agreement enough for the estimation of the extent of oil patches and their trajectories, with the exception of negligible errors at the boundaries. Quantitative analyses presented that the detected oil slicks moved southeastward, corresponding to the prevailing wind and tidal currents, and gradually dissipated during the spill, except for an extraordinary rapid decrease in onshore regions at the initial stage. It was identified that the initial dissipation of the spilt oil was induced by strong tidal mixing in the tidal front zone from comparison with the tidal mixing index. The spatial and temporal variations of the oil slicks confirmed the influence of atmospheric and oceanic environmental factors. The overall horizontal migration of the oil spills detected from consecutive SAR images was mainly driven by Ekman drift during the winter monsoon rather than the tidal residual current.
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College of Education (사범대학)Dept. of Science Education (과학교육과)Earth Science (지구과학전공)Theses (Ph.D. / Sc.D._지구과학전공)
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