S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Dept. of Clinical Medical Sciences (임상의과학과) Theses (Master's Degree_임상의과학과)
Calcified Plaque Component as a Negative Predictive Marker for Coronary Plaque Progression
심혈관 죽상경화반 진행에 대한 음성 예측 인자로서의 석회화 부분
- 의과대학 임상의과학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 임상의과학과, 2013. 2. 김용진.
- Background and purpose:
Coronary calcification is an important predictor of coronary artery disease and cardiovascular event, although calcified coronary plaque itself cause less plaque rupture or thrombosis, compared with non-calcified or mixed plaque. Development and regression of atherosclerotic plaque and formation of coronary calcification can be observed with Multi-detector computed tomography.
Seventy patients who had undergone coronary CT scan at least 2 times were retrospectively reviewed. Two scan were performed with interval of at least 10 months. All of these patients had more than one intermediate coronary lesion on initial scan. Volume and characteristics of coronary plaque were quantitatively assessed using semi-automated software. The plaques were classified to one of three categories
non-calcified, calcified, and mixed plaques. Calcified plaque was excluded from the study.
Seventy patients were included in the analysis and no patients experienced acute coronary syndrome or sudden cardiac death during follow up period. Mean duration between two scan was 10.3 ± 60.6 months. Total plaque volume was not significantly changed during follow-up period
initial volume of plaque was 366.1 ± 145.8 mm3 and follow up volume of plaque was 366.2 ± 161.2 mm3 with annualized absolute volume change of -3.81mm3 and annualized percent change of –0.5%. Initial low calcified plaque volume was associated with acceleration of plaque progression. Statin didn’t affect plaque progression or regression in this study.
We retrospectively observed progression of coronary atherosclerotic plaque with multi-detector coronary CT. Initial smaller volume of calcified plaque component was associated with plaque progression.