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Individual, Relational, and Collective Self-Discrepancies and Happiness

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Authors
권유리
Advisor
최인철
Major
사회과학대학 심리학과
Issue Date
2014-08
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
self-discrepancyhappinessself-construalindividualismcollectivism
Description
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 심리학과, 2014. 8. 최인철.
Abstract
The present study examined whether self-discrepancies in distinct construal of the ideal or the ought self were associated with happiness and whether discrepancy-happiness relationships were moderated by individualism and collectivism. To address these issues two studies were conducted using different measures. Results showed that higher discrepancies were negatively associated with happiness in a personal, relational, and partly collective levels. Especially, personal dimensions of self-discrepancy were the significant predictors of happiness after partialling out the effects of other discrepancies. These negative relationships between self-discrepancy and happiness were moderated by individualism and collectivism. That is, the more individualistic the people’s cultural value are, the stronger was the negative effect of the actual-ideal self-discrepancy on happiness. On the other hand, the more collectivistic the people’s cultural value are, the stronger was the negative effect of the actual-ought self-discrepancy, rather than actual-ideal self-discrepancy, on happiness. These findings provide integrated understanding for discrepancy-happiness relationships.
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/134371
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College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Dept. of Psychology (심리학과)Theses (Master's Degree_심리학과)
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