S-Space Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원) Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과) Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) Korean Journal of Policy Studies (정책논총) vol.32 no.1/3 (2017)
Business Associations and the Developmental State in Korea The Case of the Machinery Industry in the 1960 and 1970s
- Eom, Seok-Jin; Choi, Jae-Young
- Issue Date
- Korean Journal of Policy Studies, Vol.32 No.3 pp. 29-51
- business associations; developmental state; industrial policy; Korean economic growth in the 1960 and 1970s
- This research examines a way the Korean developmental state achieved a synergy between state and society for industrial development: business associations. In the machinery industry, a business association was involved in formulating industrial policy for promoting the machinery industry and in implementing policy programs such as the prohibition of the import of machinery made in foreign countries. The association also functioned as a channel through which information relevant to the industry was provided to government. The association had a professional staff and an internal governance structure that helped prevented rent seeking and encouraged synergy between public and private sector.