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Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with quadriceps tendon-patellar bone allograft: matched case control study

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Authors
Kwak, Yoon-Ho; Lee, Sahnghoon; Lee, Myung Chul; Han, Hyuk-Soo
Issue Date
2018-02-09
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 19(1):45
Keywords
ArthroscopyAnterior cruciate ligamentQuadriceps tendon-patellar boneAllograftAutograf
Abstract
Background
Quadriceps tendon-patellar bone (QTPB) autograft is an excellent graft option with good clinical outcome. Use of QTPB autografts have increased because they minimize donor-site morbidity including anterior knee pain, while providing adequate mechanical strength. Although, there were many clinical results about allografts that used in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, it have never been reported about the clinical outcome of ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcome of ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft and to compare with QTPB autograft. We hypothesized that ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft had good functional outcomes and stability and no significant difference compared to the ACL reconstruction with QTPB autograft.

Methods
From February 2009 to January 2014, 213 cases who received ACL reconstruction with QTPB grafts were included. Forty-five patients who received ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft were individually matched in age, sex, direction of the injured knee and body mass index (BMI) to a control group of 45 patients who received QTPB autograft. Clinical results were evaluated using International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, Tegner scale, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and ligament laxity. An average follow-up time was 31.2 months.

Results
The functional scores and ligament laxity improved from initial to the last visit in those with ACL reconstruction with QTPB allograft (p < 0.05). No significant statistical difference was found in clinical outcomes and complications including re-rupture between the QTPB allograft and autograft groups (p > 0.05). Laxity using anterior drawer test, Lachman test and KT-2000 showed no significant difference. No significant difference was found between the two groups in quadriceps peak extension torque, except at 60° per second at 6 months.

Conclusion
QTPB allograft achieved good clinical outcome with no difference compared with QTPB autograft. QTPB allograft for ACL reconstruction is promising alternative to selected and compliant patients. Long-term follow-up needs to further evaluate the clinical outcomes and complications including re-rupture rate.
ISSN
1471-2474
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/139579
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-018-1959-0
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정형외과학전공)
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