Vascularized bone grafts based on gelatin-heparin conjugated cryogels

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Nathaniel Hwang
공과대학 화학생물공학부
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서울대학교 대학원
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 공과대학 화학생물공학부, 2018. 2. Nathaniel Hwang.
A cryogel is a one of the scaffolds which have high porosity with interconnected macropores providing cell compatible microenvironment. In addition, cryogels can be utilized in minimally invasive surgery due to its sponge-like properties, including rapid shape recovery and injectability. Herein, we developed an injectable cryogel by conjugating heparin to gelatin as a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and fibroblasts carrier for the treatment of ischemic hind limb mouse model. Our gelatin/heparin cryogel showed a mesh-like network dependent on the gelatin concentration, having a different mechanical properties in swelling ratio, interconnected porosity and elasticity. In addition, integrating heparin into cryogel allowed controlled release of VEGF for a long period, leading to a therapeutic effect demonstrated in in vitro endothelial cell angiogenesis study. Also, its sponge-like properties enabled cryogels to be applied as an injectable system with desirable maintenance of cells and proteins after injection. And, as gelatin is one of the natural polymers that have a high biocompatibility, gelatin/heparin cryogel showed high cell loading efficiency and viability without any other treatment. As a result, overall in this study, we optimized the combination of the concentration of gelatin and heparin in aspect of sustainable release of VEGF and injectability. Finally, optimized gelatin/heparin cryogel integrated with VEGF and NIH-3T3 fibroblasts was applied to in vivo ischemic hind limb model and demonstrated its angiogenic potential by improving neovascularization into the cryogel. As utilizing our gelatin/heparin cryogels with human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSCs), we expect to see the therapeutic effect for bone remodeling.
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Theses (Master's Degree_화학생물공학부)
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