S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) Theses (Master's Degree_국제학과)
A Comparative Analysis on the Evolution of EU and US's International Rules of Investment and its Defining Characteristics
유럽과 미국 국제투자법의 발전사와 주요 특징 비교연구
- Ahn Dukgeun
- 국제대학원 국제학과
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 대학원
- Investment; International Investment Agreements; United States; European Union; Historical Evolution; Normalization
- 학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 국제대학원 국제학과, 2018. 2. Ahn Dukgeun.
- The past decade saw an increased global proliferation of Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs), Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) and Mega Free Trade Agreements by countries seeking trade opportunities. Powerful institutions and countries such as the European Union (EU) and United States (US) have been diligently pursuing their interests and promoting their standards and rules of trade as a means to ‘pave the way’. This paper examines the unique characteristics of International Investment Agreements (IIAs) by the EU and the US through a comparative analysis on the historical evolution of investment agreements from the 1980’s to 2016. Frameworks by Lesher and Miroudot (2005), from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OCED) and Chornyi et al. (2016) of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) were synthesized for the analysis of IIAs, using a coded matrix assessment to study the extent and the depth of the investment provisions. Results reveal that both EU and US IIAs have progressively changed over time in their attempts to achieve an overall investment-friendly environment. The EU and US have distinctive differences in their historical development of IIAs, influenced by political and economic factors as well as trade arrangements. In more recent years, there has been a trend of regulatory convergence in investment provisions of IIAs by the EU and US, especially in the latest agreements signed 2016, which indicates future normalization towards investment liberalization.