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HBNP Incorporated, Aligned Nanofiber Scaffolds for Osteogenesis
골재생을 위한 말뼈 분말이 포함된 방향성 나노섬유 스캐폴드

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Authors
임재운
Advisor
정종훈
Major
농업생명과학대학 바이오시스템·소재학부
Issue Date
2018
Publisher
서울대학교 대학원
Keywords
Tissue engineeringOsteogenesisBioceramicHorse bone
Description
학위논문 (석사)-- 서울대학교 대학원 : 농업생명과학대학 바이오시스템·소재학부, 2018. 2. 정종훈.
Abstract
Various scaffolds have been attempted on osteogenesis and osteogenic differentiation. Recently poly (ε-caprolactone) has been employed in various in vivo medical devices. This semi-crystalline polymer have been combined with other polymers or additives to improve various properties. It was also used to fabricate effective nanostructures using various methods such as lithography and electrospinning. Several approaches that add nanosized hydroxyapatite (nHA) into electrospun PCL nanofibers showed great performances. However, the nHA used to the previous studies are synthetic HA, because nanosized xenogenic HA have not been developed. Recently, we developed new horse bone-derived nanopowder (HBNP) from waste horse bone. Because xenogenic HA has better osteogenic ability than synthetic HA, HBNP-incorporated nanofibrous scaffold is anticipated to have better healing efficacy than formerly developed HA-incorporated nanofibrous scaffolds. In this study, we developed electrospun, HBNP-incorporated nanofibrous scaffolds (HBNP-NSs). Furthermore, aligned HBNP-NSs as well as random HBNP-NSs were fabricated using rotating drum. Eight kinds of specimen were prepared by varying HBNP/nHA percentage in PCL solution. Scanning electron microscopy showed that fibers produced using rotating drum are well aligned to certain direction. As high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HFTEM) suggests, HBNP and nHA particles are well incorporated into the fiber. To determine the effect of HBNP and aligned nanofiber structure on bone progenitor cell, dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were cultured on the NSs and analyzed by WST assay. From proliferation test, it turned out that aligned, HBNP incorporated scaffold promoted proliferation and viability of DPSCs. In future study, we are looking forward to carry on additional differentiation test and in vivo proliferation and differentiation test in the end.
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/141781
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College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (농업생명과학대학)Dept. of Biosystems and Biomaterials Science and Engineering (바이오시스템·소재학부)Theses (Master's Degree_바이오시스템·소재학부)
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