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Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome: comparison with scrub typhus and clinical diagnostic prediction

Cited 4 time in Web of Science Cited 3 time in Scopus
Authors
Park, Sang-Won; Lee, Chang-Seop; Kim, Jeong-Han; Bae, In-Gyu; Moon, Chisook; Kwak, Yee Gyung; Kim, Baek-Nam; Lee, Jae Hoon; Ryu, Seong Yeol; Jang, Hee-Chang; Hur, Jian; Jun, Jae-Bum; Jung, Younghee; Chang, Hyun-Ha; Kim, Young Keun; Hwang, Jeong-Hwan; Kim, Yeon-Sook; Jeong, Hye Won; Song, Kyoung-Ho; Park, Wan Beom; Kim, Eu Suk; Oh, Myoung-don
Issue Date
2019-02-19
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
BMC Infectious Diseases. 2019 Feb 19;19(1):174
Keywords
SFTSSevere fever with thrombocytopenia syndromeScrub typhusTsutsugamushiKoreaPredictionScore
Abstract
Background
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is emerging in Asian 3 countries, China, Japan and Korea, which are scrub typhus endemic areas, and its incidence is increasing. As the two infections overlap epidemiologically and clinically and the accessibility or sensitivity of diagnostic tests is limited, early clinical prediction may be useful for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

Methods
Patients aged ≥16 years who were clinically suspected and laboratory-confirmed to be infected with Orientia tsutsugamushi or the SFTS virus in South Korea were enrolled. Clinical and laboratory parameters were compared. Scrub typhus was further subclassified according to the status of eschar and skin rash. An SFTS prediction scoring tool was generated based on a logistic regression analysis of SFTS compared with scrub typhus.

Results
The analysis was performed on 255 patients with scrub typhus and 107 patients with SFTS. At initial presentation, subjective symptoms except for gastrointestinal symptoms, were more prominent in scrub typhus patients. In addition to the characteristic eschar and skin rash, headache was significantly more prominent in scrub typhus, while laboratory abnormalities were more prominent in SFTS. Leukopenia (white blood cell count < 4000/mm3; odds ratio [OR] 30.13), thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 80,000 /mm3; OR 19.73) and low C-reactive protein (< 1 mg/dL; OR 67.46) were consistent risk factors for SFTS (all P < 0.001). A prediction score was generated using these 3 variables, and a score ≥ 2 had a sensitivity of 93.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 87.9–96.4%) and a specificity of 96.1% (95% CI, 93.8–97.6%) for SFTS.

Conclusion
This prediction scoring tool may be useful for differentiating SFTS from eschar- or skin rash-negative scrub typhus. It is a simple and readily applicable tool with potential for use in primary care settings.
ISSN
1471-2334
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/147193
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-019-3773-1
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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