Aggressive vestibular schwannomas showing postoperative rapid growth - their association with decreased p27 expression

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Seol, Ho Jun; Jung, Hee-Won; Park, Sung-Hye; Hwang, Sung-Kyun; Kim, Dong Gyu; Paek, Sun Ha; Chung, Young-Seob; Sub Lee, Chang
Issue Date
Springer Verlag
J Neurooncol. 2005 Nov;75(2):203-7.
Cell ProliferationChi-Square DistributionCranial Nerve Neoplasms/metabolism/*pathology/*surgeryCyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27/*analysis/geneticsDown-RegulationFollow-Up StudiesGene Expression Regulation, NeoplasticHumansImmunohistochemistryKoreaMagnetic Resonance ImagingNeoplasm Recurrence, LocalNeuroma, Acoustic/metabolism/*pathology/*surgeryPostoperative PeriodReoperationRetrospective StudiesTime FactorsVestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases/metabolism/*pathology/*surgery
Vestibular schwannomas (VSs) are relatively slow growing tumors. However, some rapidly regrow or recur after surgical resection. The objective of this study was to identify those molecular characteristics predicting rapid recurrence after surgical resection. Immunohistochemically determined expressions of several cell cycle regulators and apoptosis-associated proteins in 12 cases of aggressive VS (AVS) and in 15 control cases of usual VS (UVS) cases were compared. The expressions of p53 and Bax (pro-apoptotic protein), Bcl-2 (anti-apoptotic protein), Fas, and Fas-L (apoptotic death receptor and ligand), caspase 3 (apoptotic effector caspase proteins), and p27 and p21 (cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors) were analyzed using tissue array blocks. Loss of p27 expression was observed in 8 of 12 AVS cases (67%) and in 3 UVS cases (20%); p21 was expressed in all cases. Loss of Bax was observed in 3 AVS and 3 UVS cases. The anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2, was expressed in 9 AVS (75%) and 11 UVS (73%), and p53, Fas-L, and caspase 3 were negative and Fas was positive in all AVS and UVS cases. Of these, only the loss of p27 was statistically significant (P = 0.02). The loss of p27 in AVS may explain the unusually high proliferative potential of AVS versus UVS, and p27 may be a predictor of VS aggressiveness. The expressions of other apoptosis associated proteins were not significantly different in the two groups. This may be the first report to identify a molecular entity associated with aggressive VS. However, further studies are required.
0167-594X (Print)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Neurosurgery (신경외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_신경외과학전공)
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