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France’s Marcoule Nuclear Site: A History of Transition from Military to Civilian Use

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Authors
Kojima, Chieko
Issue Date
2019-05
Publisher
The Institute for Peace and Unification Studies, Seoul National University
Citation
Asian Journal of Peacebuilding, vol.7 no.1, pp. 31-54
Keywords
history of nuclear developmentFrance’s nuclear policynuclear fuel cyclespent nuclear fuel reprocessingfast breeder reactor
Abstract
French nuclear research began for military purposes and then further developed for business. This article traces the history of French nuclear development from the establishment of the French Atomic Energy Commission in 1945 to the present by dividing this period into six phases. Contrary to previous studies which focus on certain periods, seventy years of French nuclear history is investigated here. It describes the transition from military to civilian use, the development of the nuclear fuel cycle including the fast breeder reactor, spent nuclear fuel reprocessing, and disposal research. Additionally, based on a historical case study of the Marcoule site, the oldest nuclear site in France, this article shows that France will rely on back-end nuclear technology to survive in the twenty-first century.
ISSN
2288-2693 (print)
2288-2707 (online)
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/153892
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Researcher Institutes (연구소)Institute for Peace and Unification Studies (통일평화연구원)Asian Journal of PeacebuildingAsian Journal of Peacebuilding vol.07 no.01/02 (2019)
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