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Time-related histopathologic analyses of immunologically untreated porcine valved conduits implanted in a porcine-to-goat model

Cited 5 time in Web of Science Cited 5 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Won Gon; Sung, Kiick; Seo, Jeong Wook
Issue Date
2007-02-15
Publisher
Blackwell Publishing
Citation
Artif Organs. 2007 Feb;31(2):105-13.
Keywords
AnimalsAortic Aneurysm/etiologyFeasibility StudiesGoatsPostoperative ComplicationsPulmonary Artery/pathology/*transplantationPulmonary Valve/immunology/pathology/*transplantationSwineTime Factors*Transplantation, Heterologous
Abstract
This study was performed to evaluate the clinical feasibility of use of immunologically nontreated xenogenic valves, using a porcine-to-goat pulmonary valved conduit implantation model. Porcine pulmonary valve conduits were prepared with no specific immunological treatment and implanted in the right ventricular outflow tract of goats under cardiopulmonary bypass. The goats were assigned at predetermined intervals (1 day, 1 week, and 3, 6, and 12 months) as two animals for each interval. Echocardiographic examinations of the valves were performed before sacrifice. Upon retrieving the xenograft specimens, they were inspected visually and microscopically. Ten of the 12 animals survived the predetermined observation periods. Variable degrees of pulmonary regurgitation were the main findings on echocardiographic evaluations. On gross examination of the explanted specimens, all leaflets, except in one animal that prematurely died, were fairly well preserved. They were slightly shortened but free of thrombosis or vegetation. Aneurysmal dilatations of the anterior wall of the implanted pulmonary artery were observed in one of 12-month-survival animals and in another one of 3-month-survival animals. Microscopically, the three components of implanted xenografts (the pulmonary artery, valve, and infundibulum) were shown to be gradually replaced with host cells in time, while maintaining structural integrity. The nuclei of the donor tissue disappeared through pyknosis and karyolysis. In conclusion, immnunologically untreated xenogenic pulmonary valved conduits can be an alternative potential as valve substitutes with distinctive advantages of providing self-healing potential, despite a few problems observed in the current study such as occurrences of pulmonary regurgitation and sporadic cases of aortic aneurysm.
ISSN
0160-564X (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=17298399

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/15528
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1594.2007.00349.x
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Thoracic Surgery (흉부외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_흉부외과학전공)
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