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The Educational Effects of a Pregnancy Simulation in Medical/Nursing Students and Professionals

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Authors
Yu, Jeeyoon; Chung, Yoohyun; Lee, Jung Eum; Suh, Dae Hun; Wie, Jeong Ha; Ko, Hyun Sun; Park, In Yang; Shin, Jong Chul
Issue Date
2019-05-24
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
BMC Medical Education. 19(1):168
Keywords
PregnancySimulationempathyattitudeawareness
Abstract
Background
The objective of this study was to investigate whether a pregnancy experience program (PREP) simulating physical changes in a mother during the last trimester of pregnancy could increase empathy, understanding, and positive attitude of medical/nursing students and their professional counterparts.

Methods
This was a prospective observational study on medical/nursing students and their professional counterparts. Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE), physical difficulty and positive attitude score, and perceived effectiveness scores prior to PREP were compared to those after PREP.

Results
A total of 189 participants completed PREP and questionnaires both prior to and after PREP. Mean JSPE score, physical difficulty score, and positive attitude scores were significantly increased following PREP (p<0.001, all). Perceived effectiveness scores about awareness, empathy, and understanding after PREP were significantly high in the professional group than in the student group (p=0.004, p=0.01, and p=0.017, respectively). Multiple stepwise linear regression analysis revealed that major in medicine (p = 0.014), health care professionals (nurse or physician) (p<0.001), and marriage experience (p < 0.001) were significant predictors of increasing empathy, difficulty feelings and effectiveness scores, respectively.

Conclusion
PREP is an effective simulation program that can improve empathy, positive attitude, and awareness in medical/nursing students as well as their professional counterparts.
ISSN
1472-6920
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/156022
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-019-1589-8
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Dermatology (피부과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_피부과학전공)
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