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Novel implant design of the proximal interphalangeal joint using an optimized rolling contact joint mechanism

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Authors
Hong, Seok Woo; Yoon, Junsuk; Kim, Yong-Jae; Gong, Hyun Sik
Issue Date
2019-07-12
Publisher
BioMed Central
Citation
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research. 14(1):212
Keywords
Proximal interphalangeal joint implantRolling contact joint mechanismAverage center of rotationTendon excursionConstrained optimization
Abstract
Background
The aims of this study were to propose a novel implant design for the proximal interphalangeal joint (PIPJ) of the hand using a rolling contact joint (RCJ) mechanism and to derive an optimal implant design based on human PIPJ kinematics.

Methods
In total, 10 participants with normal PIPJs were enrolled in this study. True lateral finger radiographs were obtained in 10° increments from 0º (full extension) to 120° flexion of PIPJ. Radiographs were used to determine the average center of rotation, which formed the basis of a mathematical expression of the PIPJ kinematics. The variations in extensor tendon excursions in relation to the range of motion of PIPJ were determined using results from previous cadaveric studies. As the next step, a PIPJ implant design using an RCJ mechanism that was most consistent with the mathematically expressed PIPJ kinematics and tendon excursions was determined using a constrained optimization algorithm.

Results
The final proposed PIPJ implant had a relatively constant center of rotation over the entire PIPJ range of motion among the participants. In addition, the extensor tendon excursions of the proposed implant as applied to the phalangeal bones were similar to those of the human tendon. The proposed PIPJ implant achieved an acceptable position of the RCJ surface on the proximal and middle phalanges, which was derived from the constrained optimization algorithm.

Conclusions
A novel PIPJ implant design using an RCJ mechanism demonstrated acceptable outcomes in terms of PIPJ human kinematics and tendon excursions.
ISSN
1749-799X
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/160394
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-019-1234-6
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Orthopedic Surgery (정형외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정형외과학전공)
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