S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Religious Studies (종교학과) 종교와 문화(Religion and Culture) 종교와 문화(Religion and Culture) 28/29호(2015)
브루스 링컨의 종교연구 방법 테제 분석
An Analysis of Bruce Lincoln’s “Theses on Method” for the Study of Religion
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 종교문제연구소
- 종교와 문화, Vol.29, pp. 1-50
- 브루스 링컨; 「방법에 관한 테제들」; 비판적 종교연구; 학문명칭; 종교 정의; 문화상대주의; Bruce Lincoln; "Theses on Method"; the critical study of religion; academic nomenclature; definition of religion; cultural relativism
- This article analyses Bruce Lincoln’s “Theses on Method” for the study of religion. Since Lincoln published “Theses onMethod” twenty years ago, it has a great influence on many who seek a new method and theory for studying religion, especially on those who pursue the critical study of religion. As Lincoln is one of the leading scholars in the critical study of religion, an analysis of his theses elucidates some traits of this critical trend. For this, preparatorily, I look into the background why Lincoln wrote those theses. And then I examine three topics abstracted from several of those theses: First, the problem of academic nomenclature of the study of religion. I examine why Lincoln questions the previous usages of the term “history of religions;” Second, the problem of defining religion. I examine how Lincoln’s definition of religion differs from other classical definitions; Third, the problem of cultural relativism. I examine what does Lincoln’s criticism on some limitations of cultural relativism intends. Through these works, I suggest the necessity of adopting some motivations and aims of the critical study of religion into the academic context of the study of religion in Korea.