S-Space College of Humanities (인문대학) Religious Studies (종교학과) 종교와 문화(Religion and Culture) 종교와 문화(Religion and Culture) 30/31호(2016)
동시대 종교현상으로서 "유동적 종교"(Fluid Religion)에 대한 논의
‘Fluid Religion’ as Contemporary Religious Phenomena
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 종교문제연구소
- 종교와 문화, Vol.30, pp. 33-65
- 소속 없는 신앙인; 교회 없는 기독교인; 액체 근대; 유동적 종교; 유연한 종교조직; 신종교운동; 기업형 종교; 유동적 종교성; 유동적 종교정체성; 탈제도화된 종교성; 유동적 자아; 종교이동; 노마드 기독교인; 교회 쇼핑; 탈현대 사회; the religious nones; believing without belonging; unchurched Christian; fluid religion; liquid modernity; flexible religio
- 본 논문은 2014년 8월 11일 선문대학교 문선명연구원이 주최한 ‘문선명 선생 성화2주년 기념 학술대회’에서 발표한 필자의 “종교의 미래와 미래의 종교”의 내용을 대폭 수정·보안한 것임.
- Based on recent religious survey results in Europe, USA and South Korea, the decline of organized religions and the increase of deinstitutionalized religiosity can be identified as the chief characteristic of contemporary religious landscape. In this article, the term ``fluid religion`` was used, which was inspired by ``liquid modernity``, a central concept in the works of Zygmund Bauman, to understand the contemporary religious change more comprehensively. ``Fluid religion`` was here applied as a broad concept comprising the both dimensions, i.e. religious organization and individual religiosity. By using the term in this way, the interdependency of these two dimensions was underlined and furthermore, the direction of religious change in late modern societies was suggested. In regard to the organizational dimension of ``fluid religion``, degree of organizational flexibility was classified into 4 types with examples of new religious movements, paying particular attention to the third type, namely ``entrepreneurial religion``. With regard to the dimension of individual religiosity, frequent ``religious switching`` of contemporaries - moving between religions as well as within a religion - was seen as a significant indication of ``fluid religiosity`` and thereby, changed religious propensity of people today was described.