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A graphene-based electrochemical device with thermoresponsive microneedles for diabetes monitoring and therapy

Cited 645 time in Web of Science Cited 683 time in Scopus
Authors
Lee, Hyunjae; Choi, Tae Kyu; Lee, Young Bum; Cho, Hye Rim; Ghaffari, Roozbeh; Wang, Liu; Choi, Hyung Jin; Chung, Taek Dong; Lu, Nanshu; Hyeon, Taeghwan; Choi, Seung Hong; Kim, Dae-Hyeong
Issue Date
2016-06
Citation
Nature Nanotechnology, Vol.11 No.6, pp.566-572
Abstract
Owing to its high carrier mobility, conductivity, flexibility and optical transparency, graphene is a versatile material in micro- and macroelectronics. However, the low density of electrochemically active defects in graphene synthesized by chemical vapour deposition limits its application in biosensing. Here, we show that graphene doped with gold and combined with a gold mesh has improved electrochemical activity over bare graphene, sufficient to form a wearable patch for sweat-based diabetes monitoring and feedback therapy. The stretchable device features a serpentine bilayer of gold mesh and gold-doped graphene that forms an efficient electrochemical interface for the stable transfer of electrical signals. The patch consists of a heater, temperature, humidity, glucose and pH sensors and polymeric microneedles that can be thermally activated to deliver drugs transcutaneously. We show that the patch can be thermally actuated to deliver Metformin and reduce blood glucose levels in diabetic mice.
ISSN
1748-3387
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/164313
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1038/NNANO.2016.38
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Chemical Convergence for Energy and Environment (에너지환경 화학융합기술전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_에너지환경 화학융합기술전공)
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