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Extremely stable cycling of ultra-thin V2O5 nanowire-graphene electrodes for lithium rechargeable battery cathodes

Cited 125 time in Web of Science Cited 132 time in Scopus
Authors
Lee, Jung Woo; Lim, Soo Yeon; Jeong, Hyung Mo; Hwang, Tae Hoon; Kang, Jeung Ku; Choi, Jang Wook
Issue Date
2012-12
Citation
Energy and Environmental Sciences, Vol.5 No.12, pp.9889-9894
Abstract
Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) has received considerable attention as a lithium battery cathode because its specific capacity (>250 mA h g(-1)) is higher than those (<170 mA h g(-1)) of most commercial cathode materials. Despite this conspicuous advantage, V2O5 has suffered from limited cycle life, typically below a couple of hundred cycles due to the agglomeration of its particles. Once V2O5 particles are agglomerated, the insulating phases continuously expand to an extent that ionic and electronic conduction is severely deteriorated, leading to the significant capacity decay. In this study, in order to overcome the agglomeration issue, the electrodes were uniquely designed such that ultrathin V2O5 nanowires were uniformly incorporated into graphene paper. In this composite structure, the dispersion of V2O5 nanowires was preserved in a robust manner, and, as a result, enabled substantially improved cycle life: decent specific capacities were preserved over 100 000 cycles, which are 2-3 orders of magnitude larger than those of typical battery materials.
ISSN
1754-5692
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/164564
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ee22004k
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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