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A 160-kilobit molecular electronic memory patterned at 10(11) bits per square centimetre

Cited 954 time in Web of Science Cited 985 time in Scopus
Authors
Green, Jonathan E.; Choi, Jang Wook; Boukai, Akram; Bunimovich, Yuri; Johnston-Halperin, Ezekiel; DeIonno, Erica; Luo, Yi; Sheriff, Bonnie A.; Xu, Ke; Shin, Young Shik; Tseng, Hsian-Rong; Stoddart, J. Fraser; Heath, James R.
Issue Date
2007-01
Citation
Nature, Vol.445 No.7126, pp.414-417
Abstract
The primary metric for gauging progress in the various semiconductor integrated circuit technologies is the spacing, or pitch, between the most closely spaced wires within a dynamic random access memory (DRAM) circuit(1). Modern DRAM circuits have 140 nm pitch wires and a memory cell size of 0.0408 mu m(2). Improving integrated circuit technology will require that these dimensions decrease over time. However, at present a large fraction of the patterning and materials requirements that we expect to need for the construction of new integrated circuit technologies in 2013 have 'no known solution'(1). Promising ingredients for advances in integrated circuit technology are nanowires(2), molecular electronics(3) and defect-tolerant architectures(4), as demonstrated by reports of single devices(5-7) and small circuits(8,9). Methods of extending these approaches to large-scale, high-density circuitry are largely undeveloped. Here we describe a 160,000-bit molecular electronic memory circuit, fabricated at a density of 10(11) bits cm(-2) ( pitch 33 nm; memory cell size 0.0011 mu m(2)), that is, roughly analogous to the dimensions of a DRAM circuit(1) projected to be available by 2020. A monolayer of bistable, [ 2] rotaxane molecules(10) served as the data storage elements. Although the circuit has large numbers of defects, those defects could be readily identified through electronic testing and isolated using software coding. The working bits were then configured to form a fully functional random access memory circuit for storing and retrieving information.
ISSN
0028-0836
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/164607
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05462
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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