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Spray Drying Method for Large-Scale and High-Performance Silicon Negative Electrodes in Li-Ion Batteries

Cited 179 time in Web of Science Cited 189 time in Scopus
Authors
Jung, Dae Soo; Hwang, Tae Hoon; Park, Seung Bin; Choi, Jang Wook
Issue Date
2013-05
Citation
Nano Letters, Vol.13 No.5, pp.2092-2097
Keywords
Lithium ion batteryanodesilicon nanoparticleporous carbonspray drying
Abstract
Nanostructured silicon electrodes have shown great potential as lithium ion battery anodes because they can address capacity fading mechanisms originating from large volume changes of silicon alloys while delivering extraordinarily large gravimetric capacities. Nonetheless, synthesis of well-defined silicon nanostructures in an industrially adaptable scale still remains as a challenge. Herein, we adopt an industrially established spray drying process to enable scalable synthesis of silicon-carbon composite particles in which silicon nanoparticles are embedded in porous carbon particles. The void space existing in the porous carbon accommodates the volume expansion of silicon and thus addresses the chronic fading mechanisms of silicon anodes. The composite electrodes exhibit excellent electrochemical performance, such as 1956 mAh/g at 0.05C rate and 91% capacity retention after 150 cycles. Moreover, the spray drying method requires only 2 s for the formation of each particle and allows a production capability of similar to 10 g/h even with an ultrasonic-based lab-scale equipment. This investigation suggests that established industrial processes could be adaptable to the production of battery active materials that require sophisticated nanostructures as well as large quantity syntheses.
ISSN
1530-6984
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/164652
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/nl400437f
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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