S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Health Policy and Management (의료관리학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_의료관리학전공)
Factors associated with the rates of coronary artery bypass graft and percutaneous coronary intervention
- Kim, Agnus M; Park, Jong Heon; Cho, Seongcheol; Kang, Sungchan; Yoon, Tae Ho; Kim, Yoon
- Issue Date
- BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 9(1):275
- Geographic variation; Revascularization; Coronary artery bypass graft; Percutaneous coronary intervention; Beds
Korea has seen a rapid increase in the use of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the ratio of PCI to coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) the highest in the world. This study was performed to examine the factors associated with the rates of CABG and PCI.
The data were acquired from the National Health Insurance database in Korea in 2013. We calculated the age-sex standardized rates of CABG and PCI. We examined the factors associated with the CABG and PCI rates by performing a regression analysis.
The rate of CABG showed a negative association with the deprivation index score, and other factors, such as the number of providers or hospital beds, did not show any significant association with the CABG rate. The rate of PCI had a strong negative association with the number of cardiothoracic surgeons and a strong positive association with the number of hospital beds.
The positive association between the PCI rate and the number of hospital beds suggests that the use of PCI may be driven by the supply of beds, and the inverse association between the PCI rate and the number of cardiothoracic surgeons indicates the overuse of PCI due to lack of the providers of CABG. Policy measures should be taken to optimize the use of revascularization procedures, the choice of which should primarily be based on the patient’s need.