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Enhanced stability of coated carbon electrode for Li-O2 batteries and its limitations

Cited 20 time in Web of Science Cited 17 time in Scopus
Authors
Bae, Youngjoon; Ko, Dong-Hyun; Lee, Sunyoung; Lim, Hee-Dae; Kim, Yun-Jung; Shim, Hyun-Soo; Park, Hyeokjun; Ko, Youngmin; Park, Sung Kwan; Kwon, Hyuk Jae; Kim, Hyunjin; Kim, Hee-Tak; Min, Yo-Sep; Im, Dongmin; Kang, Kisuk
Issue Date
2018-06
Citation
Advanced Energy Materials, Vol.8 No.16, p. 1702661
Keywords
atomic layer depositioncarbon defectin situ differential electrochemical mass spectroscopylithium-oxygen batteriesstability
Abstract
Li-O-2 batteries are promising next-generation energy storage systems because of their exceptionally high energy density (approximate to 3500 W h kg(-1)). However, to achieve stable operation, grand challenges remain to be resolved, such as preventing electrolyte decomposition and degradation of carbon, a commonly used air electrode in Li-O-2 batteries. In this work, using in situ differential electrochemical mass spectrometry, it is demonstrated that the application of a ZnO coating on the carbon electrode can effectively suppress side reactions occurring in the Li-O-2 battery. By probing the CO2 evolution during charging of C-13-labeled air electrodes, the major sources of parasitic reactions are precisely identified, which further reveals that the ZnO coating retards the degradation of both the carbon electrode and electrolyte. The successful suppression of the degradation results in a higher oxygen efficiency, leading to enhanced stability for more than 100 cycles. Nevertheless, the degradation of the carbon electrode is not completely prevented by the coating, because the Li2O2 discharge product gradually grows at the interface between the ZnO and carbon, which eventually results in detachment of the ZnO particles from the electrode and subsequent deterioration of the performance. This finding implies that surface protection of the carbon electrode is a viable option to enhance the stability of Li-O-2 batteries; however, fundamental studies on the growth mechanism of the discharge product on the carbon surface are required along with more effective coating strategies.
ISSN
1614-6832
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/164986
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201702661
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Material Science and Engineering (재료공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_재료공학부)
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