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Activating layered LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 as a host for Mg intercalation in rechargeable Mg batteries

Cited 7 time in Web of Science Cited 8 time in Scopus
Authors
Cho, Yongbeom; Lee, Myeong Hwan; Kim, Hyungsub; Ku, Kyojin; Yoon, Gabin; Jung, Sung-Kyun; Lee, Byungju; Kim, Jongsoon; Kang, Kisuk
Issue Date
2017-12
Citation
Materials Research Bulletin, Vol.96, pp.524-532
Keywords
MagnesiumLayered oxideWaterP3 phaseLiNi(0.5)Co(0.2)Mno(0.3)O(2)
Abstract
Layered crystal structures are some of the most intensively studied intercalation hosts for guest ion insertion. For Mg insertion, layered transition metal sulfides or selenides have been used for reversible Mg intercalation; however, far less intercalation hosts have been found for layered oxides most likely because of the strong interaction between Mg2+ and the oxide host. Here, we demonstrate that layered LixNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 (NCM523), which is an important commercial electrode for Li-ion batteries but has been regarded as electrochemically inactive in rechargeable Mg batteries, can function as a reversible host for Mg2+ if water opens up the layers and screens the electrostatic interaction between Mg2+ and the host. Upon the formation of water-intercalated NCM523, the discharge capacity dramatically increases utilizing the multi-redox reaction of Ni2+/Ni3+/Ni4+, which exhibits an average voltage of similar to 3.1 V (vs. Mg/Mg2+) in rechargeable Mg batteries with an energy density of 589 Wh kg(-1) in the first discharge. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0025-5408
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/165011
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2017.04.047
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Material Science and Engineering (재료공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_재료공학부)
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