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New Insight into the Reaction Mechanism for Exceptional Capacity of Ordered Mesoporous SnO2 Electrodes via Synchrotron-Based X-ray Analysis

Cited 80 time in Web of Science Cited 84 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Hyunchul; Park, Gwi Ok; Kim, Yunok; Muhammad, Shoaib; Yoo, Jaeseung; Balasubramanian, Mahalingam; Cho, Yong-Hun; Kim, Min-Gyu; Lee, Byungju; Kang, Kisuk; Kim, Hansu; Kim, Ji Man; Yoon, Won-Sub
Issue Date
2014-11
Citation
Chemistry of Materials, Vol.26 No.22, pp.6361-6370
Abstract
Tin oxide-based materials, operating via irreversible conversion and reversible alloying reaction, are promising lithium storage materials due to their higher capacity. Recent studies reported that nanostructured SnO2 anode provides higher capacity beyond theoretical capacity based on the alloying reaction mechanism; however, their exact mechanism remains still unclear. Here, we report the detailed lithium storage mechanism of an ordered mesoporous SnO2 electrode material. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction and absorption spectroscopy reveal that some portion of Li2O decomposes upon delithiation and the resulting oxygen reacts with Sn to form the SnOx phase along with dealloying of LixSn, which are the main reasons for unexpected high capacity of an ordered mesoporous SnO2 material. This finding will not only be helpful in a more complete understanding of the reaction mechanism of Sn-based oxide anode materials but also will offer valuable guidance for developing new anode materials with abnormal high capacity for next generation rechargeable batteries.
ISSN
0897-4756
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/165109
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/cm5025603
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Material Science and Engineering (재료공학부) Journal Papers (저널논문_재료공학부)
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