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Iron Oxide Nanoparticle-Mediated Development of Cellular Gap Junction Crosstalk to Improve Mesenchymal Stem Cells' Therapeutic Efficacy for Myocardial Infarction

Cited 74 time in Web of Science Cited 79 time in Scopus
Authors
Han, Jin; Kim, Bokyoung; Shin, Jung-Youn; Ryu, Seungmi; Noh, Myungkyung; Woo, Jongsu; Park, Jin-Sil; Lee, Youjin; Lee, Nohyun; Hyeon, Taeghwan; Choi, Donghoon; Kim, Byung-Soo
Issue Date
2015-03
Citation
ACS Nano, Vol.9 No.3, pp.2805-2819
Keywords
ion deliveryiron oxide nanoparticlemesenchymal stem cellsmyocardial infarctiontissue engineering
Abstract
Electrophysiological phenotype development and paracrine action of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are the critical factors that determine the therapeutic efficacy of MSCs for myocardial infarction (MI). In such respect, coculture of MSCs with cardiac cells has windowed a platform for cardiac priming of MSCs. Particularly, active gap junctional crosstalk of MSCs with cardiac cells in coculture has been known to play a major role in the MSC modification through coculture. Here, we report that iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) significantly augment the expression of connexin 43 (Cx43), a gap junction protein, of cardiomyoblasts (H9C2), which would be critical for gap junctional communication with MSCs in coculture for the generation of therapeutic potential-improved MSCs. MSCs cocultured with IONP-harboring H9C2 (cocultured MSCs: cMSCs) showed active cellular crosstalk with H9C2 and displayed significantly higher levels of electrophysiological cardiac bionnarkers and a cardiac repair-favorable paracrine profile, both of which are responsible for MI repair. Accordingly, significantly improved animal survival and heart function were observed upon cMSC injection into rat MI models compared with the injection of unmodified MSCs. The present study highlights an application of IONPs in developing gap junctional crosstalk among the cells and generating cMSCs that exceeds the reparative potentials of conventional MSCs. On the basis of our finding, the potential application of IONPs can be extended in cell biology and stem cell-based therapies.
ISSN
1936-0851
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/166070
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/nn506732n
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Chemical Convergence for Energy and Environment (에너지환경 화학융합기술전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_에너지환경 화학융합기술전공)
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