S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.77/80(2017)
정조의 奎章閣 解題書目 작성과 서명응 일가
The Writing of Haejeseomok(解題書目) of Kyujanggak(奎章閣) during King Jeong-jo(正祖)’s Rule and the Family of Seo Myung-eung(徐命膺)
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.79, pp. 30-50
- 정조; 규장각; 문교정책; 문헌정리; 해제서목; 서명응 일가; King Jeong-jo; 正祖; Kyujanggak; 奎章閣; education policies; filing literature; haejeseomok; 解題書目; the family of Seo Myung-eung; 徐命膺
- 이 논문은 2017년 2월 14일 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원에서 열린 인문한국사업단 제 31회 HK워크숍 "동아시아 문현학과 문현학자 II'’의 발표문을 수정 · 보완한 것이다.
- This paper makes a basic approach to academic exchanges and support that involved the family of Seo Myung-eung in terms of filing of literature, which was part of King Jeong-jo’s educational policies. As is confirmed, King Jeong-jo tried to implement the policy of giving priority to the literary over the military for the development of education and filing of literature. It was due to the instruction of Bomanjae(保晩齋) Seo Myung-eung(徐命膺) and his own taste. The institute that took the central role in this was Kyujanggak(奎章閣). Kyujanggak was practically run by geomseogwan(檢書官, public officials working in Kyujanggak, taking care of the books) system, but those who were actually intended to raise was chogyemoonshin(抄啟文臣, talented civil servants who were selected and reported to King Joeng-jo)
However, one of the most important projects of the academic culture, the collection, arrangement, and compilation of literature, Seo Myung-eung and his family were actively involved. Seo Myung-eung and his family actively supported the King’s policy, played a key role in writing haejeseomok(解題書目, lists and summaries of books), and also a significant role in casting types.
Seo Myung-eung and his family supported King Jeong-jo’s policy of prioritizing the literary in the forefront and played a significant role but this has not been studied enough. What also needs to be examined closely is ‘Kyujangchongmok(奎章總目)’ and ‘Nupango(鏤板考)’, and the level of summarizing ‘Naegakbangseorok(內閣訪書錄)’, which is thought to have played a critical role in the production of the two. The scholastic exchange between King Jeong-jo and the family of Seo Myung-eung can provide a perspective in understanding the nature of academia under King Jeong-jo’s rule. What is clear is that King Jeong-jo and the family of Seo Myung-eung were steadily influencing each other in the academic world. This can be understood more meaningfully by comparison with ‘Chongmokjeyo(總目提要)’, which was written in the similar period.
The academic promotion of King Jeong-jo should start from tracing the level of the literature he published and the process. Along with the thorough evaluation of the achievement, the advantages and disadvantages of the education policies that were focused on one monarchy should also be assessed.