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16 · 17세기 朝鮮燕行使의 중국 通報 수집활동
Joseon Emissaries’ Intelligence-gathering Activities of Chinese Tong-Bao during the 16-17th Centuries

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Authors
丁晨楠
Issue Date
2017-09
Publisher
서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
Citation
한국문화, Vol.79, pp. 165-201
Keywords
연행록정보수집通報趙憲삼번의 난Records of Trips to BeijingIntelligence-gatheringTong-BaoJo HeonRevolt of the Three Feudatories
Abstract
Printing technology made great progress in China during the 16-17th centuries. Tong-Bao (Chao Bao, or Di-Bao) as internal political reference was widely spread. The 16-17th centuries is also a period of enormous political unrest in eastern Asia. Joseon, one of China’s neighbors, was profoundly influenced by political unrest in China. In order to deal with diplomatic affairs with China and protect its own benefits, the Joseon government paid much attention to intelligence gathering in China. The Joseon government collected a large amount of Chinese Tong-Bao through emissaries to China. Some records about Chinese Tong-Bao in Joseon historical materials are not even recorded in Chinese documents and not preserved in China, which show Tong-Bao’s unique value
This article analyzes Joseon emissaries’ intelligence gathering during the 16-17th centuries, and discusses methods of intelligence gathering through Chinese officers in Yuhe Embassy and local people on their way to Beijing. At the same time, those translators in Joseon emissaries’ missions played a very important role in intelligence gathering. Jo Heon, an envoy went to China in 1574, recorded Tong-Bao from June to August daily in his Records of Trips to Beijing, most of which are not recorded by Chinese historical documents. There were also large quantities of Tong-Bao brought to Joseon by Joseon emissaries during the Revolt of the Three Feudatories (1673-1681).
ISSN
1226-8356
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/167462
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Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원)Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.77/80(2017)
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