S-Space Kyujanggak Institute for Korean Studies (규장각한국학연구원) Korean Culture (한국문화) Korean Culture (한국문화) vol.81/84(2018)
1793년 『호남읍지』의 편찬과 그 의미
Compiling of Honam-eupji and its Meaning in 1793
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.84, pp. 255-288
- Eupji; local gazetteer; 邑誌; Eupji types; 읍지 유형; 邑誌類型; Honam-eupji; 호남읍지; 『湖南邑誌』; Haedong-eupji; 『해동읍지』; 『海東邑誌』; Dongguk-Yeoji-Seungram; 『동국여지승람』; 『東國輿地勝覽』; Yeojidoseo; 『여지도서』; 『輿地圖書』; Daegu-eupji; 『대구읍지』; 『大丘邑誌』; Gyeongsangdoeupji; 『경상도읍지』; 『慶尙道邑誌』
- Since the late 1990s, many ancient books have been computerized with state-led information service projects. The site of each eupji(local gazetteer) in the late Joseon Dynasty is provided not only with the lifting work but also with the original image. Contrary to expectations, however, the government lacks systematic and comprehensive research into the entire town area, and the materials published by the city government or cultural center are not properly utilized. No study noted that most of eupji of Jeolla and Gyeongsang provinces in the late 18th century, housed by Gyujanggak Institute of Korean Studies at Seoul National University, was originally a second-class manuscript.
This article attempted to be tangibleized as part of a search for a genealogy of eupji in the late Joseon Dynasty. There were four projects to compile nationwide eupji in the late 18th century, 1759(Yeongjo 33), 1768(Yeongjo 44), and 1775(Yeongjo 51). Some municipalities were organized in 1786(Jeongjo 10) and 1793(Jeongjo 17) through Gyeongsangdo-eupji and Honam-eupji. Around 1786 a project was carried out to compile provincial-level supports in Jeolla Province.
So in the late 18th century, there were six different types of eupji left behind. There were Yeojidoseo types, Yeojidoseo types of Gyeongsang Province, and Daegu-eupji types, Yeojidoseo+α types, Honam-eupji types as well as Dongguk-Yeoji-Seungram types.
Honam-eupji is a type of town that comes out as a result of harmonizing interests between local government and local elite, reflecting the intention of compiling Haedongeupji. Honam-eupji has many unique texts that have not been identified so far, and it is worth its value in that it reflects the situation of each town in Jeolla-do at the end of the 18th century.