일제강점기 중등학생 중퇴양상을 통해 본 민족차이와 민족차별: 강경상업학교(江商) 학적부 분석을 토대로
The Ethnic Differences and the Ethnic Discrimination seen through Dropouts of Secondary Students during the Japanese Colonial Period: based on the Analysis of Secondary Commercial School Student Register
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 규장각한국학연구원
- 한국문화, Vol.84, pp. 321-377
- 민족차별; 민족차이; 사실적 민족차별; 관행적 민족차별; 정치경제적 불평등성; 학적부; 중등학교; Ethnic Discrimination; Ethnic Differences; Factual Ethnic Discrimination; Customary Ethnic Discrimination; Political and Economic Inequality; School Student Register; Secondary School
- This research aimed to clarify how ethnic discrimination in the Korean-Japanese co-ed secondary commercial schools during the Japanese colonial period was routinely forced. First of all, I macroscopically confirmed the dropout trend of the whole secondary school by utilizing nationwide statistical data. Secondly, I carried out a micro-case analysis through various kinds of materials that have not been utilized so far, such school register. Thirdly, I distinguished ethnic differences and ethnic discrimination, and clarified the mechanism of ethnic discrimination more clearly.
The key results of this study are as follows:
Secondary commercial schools in the Japanese colonial period were Korean-Japanese co-ed schools where legal and institutional discrimination hardly took place. However, they were spaces where various non-legal and non-institutional ethnic discrimination was enforced or raised. As a result, Korean students had been influenced by factual ethnic discrimination prescribed by the structure of political and economic inequality in the colonial society. And it was impossible for Korean students to avoid customary ethnic discrimination by school authorities and Japanese teachers on a daily basis.
In this respect, the issue of ethnic discrimination in the Japanese colonial era was not only legal and institutional discrimination but also factual and customary ethnic discrimination. And it was a matter of the structure of the political and economic inequality of the colonial society which is the root cause of making factual and customary ethnic discrimination on a daily basis as well as legal and institutional ethnic discrimination.