Optimal extent of resection in vestibular schwannoma surgery: relationship to recurrence and facial nerve preservation

Cited 0 time in webofscience Cited 0 time in scopus
Seol, Ho Jun; Kim, Choong-hyo; Park, Chul-Kee; Kim, Chi Heon; Kim, Dong Gyu; Chung, Young-Seob; Jung, Hee-Won
Issue Date
Japan Neurosurgical Society
Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 46: 176-181
Disease-Free SurvivalDisease-Free SurvivalFacial Paralysis/*etiology/mortalityFollow-Up StudiesNeoplasm Recurrence, Local/*etiology/mortalityNeoplasm, Residual/*etiology/mortalityNeuroma, Acoustic/mortality/*surgeryPostoperative Complications/*etiology/mortalityRetrospective StudiesRisk
Surgical treatment of vestibular schwannoma is targeted at complete removal with preserved neurological function. Complete removal may cause significant deficits, whereas subtotal tumor removal is associated with a high recurrence rate. The present study assessed the risk of tumor recurrence and postoperative facial nerve function in relation to the extent of surgical resection by reviewing the clinical records and radiological findings of 116 patients with vestibular schwannoma treated between 1990 and 1999. The extent of resection was classified as follows: gross total resection (GTR), near total resection (NTR), and subtotal resection (STR). Facial nerve function was graded using the modified House-Brackmann grade, and patients grouped into good (grades 1-2) and intermediate or poor (grades 3-6). Of the 116 patients, 26 (22%) underwent GTR, 32 (28%) NTR, and 58 (50%) STR. The recurrence rates were 3.8% (1/26 cases), 9.4% (3/32), and 27.6% (16/58) for GTR, NTR, and STR, respectively. GTR and NTR showed no statistically significant difference in terms of recurrence rate (p=0.620). However, recurrence was significantly less after NTR than STR (p=0.043). Immediately postoperative facial nerve function was good in 15.4% of patients after GTR, 40.6% after NTR, and 46.6% after STR. The STR and NTR carried a lower risk of facial nerve palsy than GTR in the immediately postoperative stage (p=0.006 and 0.036, respectively). Nevertheless, no statistical significance was observed in extent of resection and postoperative facial nerve outcome between the groups at last follow up (p=0.227). GTR is the ideal surgical treatment for vestibular schwannoma, but NTR is a good option, with better facial nerve function preservation than GTR without significantly increasing the risk of recurrence.
0470-8105 (Print)
Files in This Item:
Appears in Collections:
College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Neurosurgery (신경외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_신경외과학전공)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.