Comparative hemodynamic effects of vasopressin and norepinephrine after milrinone-induced hypotension in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgical patients

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Jeon, Yunseok; Ryu, Jung Hee; Lim, Young Jin; Kim, Chong Sung; Bahk, Jae-Hyon; Yoon, Seung Zhoo; Choi, Ju Youn
Issue Date
Springer International
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2006 Jun;29(6):952-6. Epub 2006 May 3.
AgedCoronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump/*methodsDouble-Blind MethodFemaleHumansHypotension/chemically induced/*drug therapyIntraoperative Care/methodsIntraoperative Complications/chemically induced/*drug therapyMaleMiddle AgedMilrinone/*adverse effectsNorepinephrine/therapeutic usePhosphodiesterase Inhibitors/adverse effectsProspective StudiesVascular Resistance/drug effectsVasoconstrictor Agents/*therapeutic useVasodilator Agents/adverse effectsVasopressins/*therapeutic use
OBJECTIVE: Phosphodiesterase inhibitor is essential to the pharmacologic management of decompensated heart failure because it increases contractility and decreases afterload of right ventricle. It also improves hemodynamics and increases blood flow of the grafted internal mammary arteries and middle cerebral arteries during coronary artery bypass surgery. However, it induces vasodilation and necessitates the use of vasoconstrictors, such as norepinephrine. We hypothesized that vasopressin could recover hypotension induced by milrinone with less effect on pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) compared to norepinephrine. METHODS: Fifty patients, undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, were assigned randomly in a double-blind manner to receive either vasopressin or norepinephrine. After baseline hemodynamic measurements, a loading dose of milrinone 50 microg/kg was infused slowly for 20 min followed by continuous infusion of 0.5 microg/(kg min). Immediately after the loading dose of milrinone, hemodynamic variables were measured, and vasopressin (VP group) or norepinephrine (NE groups) was infused. After being titrated until the mean arterial pressure was increased by 20%, hemodynamic variables were measured again. RESULTS: Milrinone infusion reduced both systemic vascular resistance (SVR, 1218+/-299 dynes/cm5 vs 838+/-209 dynes/cm5, 1345+/-299 dynes/cm5 vs 1011+/-195 dynes/cm5) and PVR (95+/-34 dynes/cm5 vs 72+/-30 dynes/cm5, 119+/-85 dynes/cm5 vs 87+/-33 dynes/cm5) in the VP and NE groups, respectively. Vasopressin and norepinephrine infusion increased both SVR (838+/-209 dynes/cm5 vs 1100+/-244 dynes/cm5, 1011+/-195 dynes/cm5 vs 1446+/-681 dynes/cm5, respectively) and PVR (72+/-30 dynes/cm5 vs 84+/-18 dynes/cm5, 87+/-33 dynes/cm5 vs 139+/-97 dynes/cm5, respectively). The PRV/SVR ratio was decreased after vasopressin infusion (0.10+/-0.03 vs 0.08+/-0.03), while no changes were found after norepinephrine infusion (0.09+/-0.02 vs 0.09+/-0.02). CONCLUSIONS: In the patients undergoing CABG surgery, both norepinephrine and low dose vasopressin were effective in restoring milrinone-induced decrease of SVR. However, only low-dose vasopressin decreased the PVR/SVR ratio that was increased by milrinone. Considering the importance of maintaining systemic perfusion pressure as well as reducing right heart afterload, milrinone-vasopressin may provide better hemodynamics than milrinone-norephinephrine during the management of right heart failure.
1010-7940 (Print)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_마취통증의학전공)
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