S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Alpha-antitrypsin genotypes in Korean patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
- Kim, Cheol Hyeon; Yim, Jae-Joon; Yoo, Chul-Gyu; Lee, Choon-Taek; Kim, Young Whan; Han, Sung Koo; Shim, Young-Soo
- Issue Date
- Respirology. 2005 Mar;10(2):223-8.
- Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Alleles; Female; Gene Frequency; Genotype; Humans; Korea; Male; Middle Aged; Polymerase Chain Reaction; *Polymorphism, Genetic; Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/blood/*genetics/physiopathology; Respiratory Function Tests; alpha 1-Antitrypsin/analysis/*genetics
- OBJECTIVE: Alpha1-antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is a recognized susceptible factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Western countries, but its importance in Korea is unclear. To date, no definitive case of alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency has been reported in Korea. This study aimed to clarify whether alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency exists and to determine the distribution of alpha1-antitrypsin alleles in the Korean population. METHODOLOGY: The serum concentrations of alpha1-antitrypsin were determined and polymorphisms of the alpha1-antitrypsin gene in 114 COPD patients and in 196 healthy controls were examined. Phenotyping by isoelectric focusing and the genotyping of alpha1-antitrypsin gene by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism were performed. RESULTS: No alpha1-antitrypsin level abnormality was found in the patients. M1(Val)/M1(Val) was found to be the most frequent genotype in both groups (69.2% and 66.8%, respectively), and M1(Val) the most frequent allele. The distributions of alpha1-antitrypsin alleles were similar in the patient and control groups, and no S or Z allele was found. CONCLUSION: Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency is unlikely to be an important cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the Korean population.
- 1323-7799 (Print)
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