A novel supraclavicular approach to the right subclavian vein based on three-dimensional computed tomography

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Jung, Chul-Woo; Seo, Jeong-Hwa; Lee, Whal; Bahk, Jae-Hyon
Issue Date
Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Anesth Analg. 2007 Jul;105(1):200-4.
AdolescentAdultAgedAged, 80 and overCatheterization, Central Venous/*methodsClavicle/radiographyFemaleHumansImaging, Three-Dimensional/*methodsMaleMiddle AgedPilot ProjectsProspective StudiesRetrospective StudiesSubclavian Vein/*radiographyTomography, X-Ray Computed/*methods
BACKGROUND: We used three-dimensional (3-D) computed tomography to develop a novel supraclavicular approach to the subclavian vein that minimizes the distance from insertion site to the vein. METHODS: Forty-five adult patients with normal body build were retrospectively included in the 3-D computed tomography investigation. Assuming that the clavisternomastoid angle was the skin entry point, and that the subclavian vein on the first rib was a target, the optimal angle of approach was measured on the simulated 3-D images. A 3-D video was developed from these images to explain the approach. In a pilot study, we prospectively tested this approach in 60 adult patients with normal body build requiring central venous catheterization. The number of attempts, success rate, and complications were noted. RESULTS: The optimal angle of approach was 10.6 degrees +/- 5.3 degrees medially and 35.4 degrees +/- 12.5 degrees posteriorly from the skin entry point. The estimated depth of the subclavian vein was 13.7 +/- 3.1 mm. During the pilot study, the first trial with a finder needle was successful in 87% of patients and the overall success rate of catheterizations was 100% without complications. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed supraclavicular approach to the subclavian vein is a simple method of central venous catheterization. The pilot study suggests the method is reasonably safe. The video explaining the approach graphically is available in the supplementary material.
1526-7598 (Electronic)
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_마취통증의학전공)
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