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Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma: prevalence and causative factors of extrahepatic collateral arteries in 479 patients

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Authors
Chung, Jin Wook; Kim, Hyo-Cheol; Yoon, Jung-Hwan; Lee, Hyo-Suk; Jae, Hwan Jun; Lee, Whal; Park, Jae Hyung
Issue Date
2006-12-05
Publisher
Korean Radiological Society
Citation
Korean J Radiol. 2006 ;7(4):257-66.
Keywords
AdultAgedAged, 80 and overAngiographyCarcinoma, Hepatocellular/physiopathology/*therapyChemoembolization, Therapeutic/*methodsCollateral Circulation/drug effects/physiologyFemaleHumansLiver Neoplasms/physiopathology/*therapyLogistic ModelsMaleMiddle AgedNeovascularization, Pathologic/*etiology/physiopathology/radiography
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to investigate the prevalence and causative factors of extrahepatic arterial blood supply to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) at its initial presentation and during chemoembolization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between February 1998 and April 2000, consecutive 479 patients with newly diagnosed HCC were prospectively enrolled into this study. A total of 1629 sessions of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) were performed in these patients (range: 1-15 sessions; mean: 3.4 sessions) until April 2004. For each TACE procedure, we determined the potential extrahepatic collateral arteries (ExCAs) depending on the location of the tumor, and we performed selective angiography of all suspected collaterals that could supply the tumor. The prevalence of ExCAs and the causative factors were analyzed. RESULTS: At initial presentation, 82 (17%) of these 479 patients showed 108 ExCAs supplying tumors. Univariate analysis showed that tumor size (p < 0.01), patient age (p = 0.02), a surface location (p < 0.01), and a bare area location (p < 0.01) were significantly associated with the presence of ExCAs. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that only tumor size was predictive of ExCA formation (p < 0.01, odds ratio = 1.737, confidence interval: 1.533 to 1.969). During repeated TACE sessions, 97 additional ExCAs were detected in 70 (14%) patients. The cumulative probability of ExCAs in patients with a large tumor (> or =5 cm) was significantly higher than that for those patients with a small tumor (< 5 cm) (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The presence of ExCAs supplying HCC is rather common, and the tumor size is a significant causative factor for the development of these collateral arteries.
ISSN
1229-6929 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=17143029

http://hdl.handle.net/10371/29323
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Internal Medicine (내과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
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