SHERP

韓国宗教と宗教学
Korean Religion and Religious Studies

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Authors
Kim, Chongsuh
Issue Date
2006-03-30
Publisher
日本宗教学会
Citation
『宗教研究』79(4)、893-911
Keywords
韓国宗教; 韓国宗教学; 宗教; 宗教学; 比較; 한국종교; 한국종교학; 종교; 종교학; 비교; 韓國宗敎; 韓國宗敎學
Abstract
「韓国宗教」は通常、韓国の巫俗をはじめ、儒教、仏教、道教、キリスト教及び「新宗教」などの諸宗教の単なる寄せ集めにすぎないと思われがちだが、正確には、個々の宗教伝統の枠の中で発現し、時代ごとに変容してきた韓国人固有の宗教(心)性そのものを指すと言うべきであろう。近代における社会分化の変化とともに、「韓国宗教」という概念は結果的に縮小され、純粋化されてきた。さらに、この概念は大衆化されたとともに、東アジアの局地性を越えて、明らかにグローパルな様相を帯びるようになっている。二十世紀以降、着実に発展してきた「韓国宗教学」は、根本的な宗教性をもち、比較を通じて明確になった普遍性と同時に、固有性をも有する韓国宗教の諸相を研究の主要テーマとしてきた。将来、韓国宗教の研究は、日本を含む東アジア諸国の宗教経験に基づく-研究との比較の地平を積極的に共有することが期待される。さらに、韓国宗教学は世界規模での宗教学、「世界宗教学」の再構成に参加すると同時に、韓国宗教固有のアイデンティティをより深く探究することにもなるだろう。

"Korean Religion" is often said to be a simple sum of various religions like Shamanism (Musok), Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity and "new religions" in Korea. However, it is more accurate to say that it is what the unique Korean religious mind has manifested and transformed in the framework of particular religious traditions during a particular time. In a time of modernization, the concept of Korean Religion above all has become largely reduced and purified through social differentiation. It has also become popularized and has taken on distinctively global traits beyond its Asian provincialism. "Korean Religious Studies" in its process of becoming concretized since the 20th century has regarded the aspects of Korean Religion such as basic religiosity, universality formed through comparison, and indigenous peculiarity as its core research themes. In the future, we can expect that Korean Religious Studies will actively share a horizon of comparison with studies that are based on religious experiences of East Asian countries including Japan. Moreover, it will participate in the restructuring of world religious studies, while at the same time pursuing a more profound identity of Korean Religion.
ISSN
0387-3293
Language
Japanese
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/3026
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College of Humanities (인문대학)Religious Studies (종교학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_종교학과)
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