S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Center for Social Sciences (사회과학연구원) 한국사회과학 한국사회과학 vol.19 (1997)
Democratization and Local Community
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 사회과학연구원
- 한국사회과학, Vol.19 No.1, pp. 127-163
- abstractThis research is to examine the political environments of local community that has been changed in the process of the democratization and the institutionalization of the new local governance system, and to explore the task for the further democratization of Korea. The local autonomy system that has reconstituted since 1991 is an obvious evidence of democratic development in Korea. But the Korean local autonomy system still has several problems and restrictions so that it cannot fulfill its function effectively as the central mechanism for the democratic local politics and the grass-roots democracy.It is the accumulated customary practices under the past non-democratic central system that prevent the democratic local autonomy from further development, that is, the vortex to the center, the excessive disparity and inequality between regions, regional mobilization to the central politics, and local autonomy system only toward the administration. These local political environments that have been ruled by central government are curbing the resources and dynamics of local autonomy.Therefore, we should make an effort to reform disproportionally centralized structure in order to develop the local autonomy and vitalize the local society as self-sufficient local community. That is one of the most important tasks for us to tackle for the Korean democratization. Of course, the local autonomy used to be called as the democratic system from the below in the light of that local grass-roots democracy can produce the democratization of overall state politics. However, when we consider the reality and resources of Korean local society and politics, the development of local community and local autonomy can't but rely on the central politics.