S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.01 (1992)
EC 통상정책의 결정체제 및 특성
Policymaking Process and the Characteristics of Commercial Policy of the European Community
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 지역종합연구소
- 지역연구, Vol.01 No.1, pp. 109-140
- Since the enaclment of the Single European Act in 1987 the EC has stepped up its
unifying efforts toward even establishing a political union. Such a move not only represents
the EC's aggressive response to the rapidly changing internatinal political economy, but
forebears a fundamental change in it. This article aims at analyzing the current state of
the internal market and the process of integrating and harmonizing commercial policies
among the EC countries with disparate political and economic interests. In particular, this
paper will examine the current structure and the general patterns of decision-making in
the EC, and then stress the characteristics of the EC's commercial policy which has to be
made in such process and the complicated decision-making structure.
The EC's commercial policy is in esssence the product of political wheeling and dealing
both among the 12 member countries and between the EC and the numerous third countries.
As a result, the EC's trade policy tends to be protectionistic and it will be increasingly
so in the future. Of course, its strength will depend on the successful completion of the
Uruguay Round trade negotiations. Nonetheless, the EC's commercial policy tends to take
on the feature of industrial policy, as member countries strive to maintain their traditional
competitive position not only vis-a-vis the world but within the enlarged EC market.
In view of the above, to conduct a proper analysis and to reach a more accurate
understanding of the shaping of the EC's commercial policy in the future, it is necessary
to focus not only on the EC's commercial policy itself, but more extensively on the process,
speed, direction and the contents of single market formation, and on the EC's competition
policy, industrial policy, technology development policy and even various sorts of social
regulatory policies (including environmental protection and consumer protection).