S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.02 (1993)
현대 말레이시아의 말레이 민족정체성의 문화적 의미
Culture Meaning of Malay Ethnic Identity in Contemporary Malaysia
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 지역종합연구소
- 지역연구, Vol.02 No.4, pp. 101-122
- Debates on the nature of ethnicity or ethnic identity have been engaged by scholars of two distinct theoretical orientations: ‘primordialism’ and ‘circumstantialism’. This paper attempts to overcome the weakness of both approaches and to suggest an alternative one, that is, to analyse the processes in which conflicting ethnic groups utilize political, economic and cultural resources to enhance their group interests against others.
From this viewpoint, the writer explains the formation and change of Malay ethnic identity in the context of contemporary Malay society. Firstly, he explains what constitutes the Malay ethnic identity. Secondly, he explains how Islamic rituals observed by the Malays are related to the Malay ethnic identity. Thirdly, he investgates in what contexts, and why Islamic revival movement and the ‘creation’ of the image of traditional Malay culture, have recently occurred when the Malay society has experienced the rapid economic development and urbanization.
The writer concludes that these phenomena are first of all the symptoms and mechanisms of the formation of distinct ethnic identity of the Malay who want to differentiate them from other ethnic groups in Malaysia and, thus, achieve a dominant position politically and economically.