S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.02 (1993)
인도의 식민지화와 독립 후 사회경제 구조변화
Colonization of India and Socio-Economic Changes after Independence
- 박종수; 김용환; 백좌흠; 이상진
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 지역종합연구소
- 지역연구, Vol.02 No.4, pp. 197-267
- Britain’s rapid industrial development at the end of the 18th century strengthened the economic and political position of the industrial bourgeoisie. This new period in the history of British capitalism, which pushed the interest of the industrial bourgeoisie into the forefront, changed the approach to the colonial exploitation of India. The East India Company needed India chiefly as a source of cheap goods and other riches usually acquired through plunder. The industrial bourgeoisie was faced with the problem of turning India into a market for Britain"s industrial output and a source of raw materials for industry.
What new elements in the system of the colonial exploitation of the peoples of India were introduced by industrial capital? The policy of trade plunder was augmented by the export of cheap industrial goods from Britain, which had a truly catastrophic effect on the Indian economy and society. India was gradually being turned into supplier of raw materials for Britain, and this process completed the final subjugation of the country to the power of industrial capital. By making India the market for their industrial goods, the colonialists undermined the organic ties between the crafts and agriculture which had existed in the communities. In this background, this- paper highlights the socio-economic changes of India under the British colonial rule and modem India after independence.