S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) Journal of International and Area Studies Journal of International and Area Studies vol.05 (1998)
Central Asian Pipeline Dilemmas: Security, Politics and Economy
- Abazov, Rafis
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제학연구소
- Journal of International and Area Studies, Vol.5 No.1, pp. 81-93
- This article assesses major oil and gas pipeline projects proposed to bring the natural resources from Central Asian republics (CARs) to the international market and focuses on various factors affecting realization of these projects. Also I examine the economic viability of the numerous transportation and pipeline projects. I argue that due to the landlocked location of the CARs and vulnerability of the oil and gas pipelines to various external and internal influences, the local policy makers and international corporations are searching for multiple routes from the region to the international market. In order to avoid dependence on a single international actor such as Russia or Iran, the CARs governments are attempting to involve new outside actors, including East Asian countries, into the regional affairs with whom they could co-operate in maintaining the security balance and stability.
This paper examines three major issues that are especially important for policy makers in the Central Asian republics: (1) security issues in the post-Soviet CAR; (2) economic issues; (3) political and regional issues and their impact on the perspectives of the realization of these projects. The author argues that realization of these projects will affect security regimes in and around the regions that create dilemmas for the Central Asian policy makers considering realization of various projects.