S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.03 (1994)
Black Movements in America -Integrationism and Nationalism-
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 지역종합연구소
- 지역연구, Vol.03 No.1, pp. 1-46
- In defining black movements in America, this paper postulates that the concepts of ‘realm’ and ‘public-sphere’ are useful for analyzing social movements.
The first aim of this paper is to grasp the main streams of black movements in modem American society by using the two concepts mentioned above.
The main streams of black movements in America can be roughly classified into ‘integrationism’ and ‘nationalism’, which have had a distinct and continuous influence on blank movements.
All social movements can be classified into two types. One puts emphasis on ‘symbol-value’ and the other on movement organization.
This paper analyzed such cases as Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King Jr., and the NAACP. Martin Luther King Jr. emphasizes ‘symbol-value’ based on ‘integrationism’ and the NAACP applied ‘integrationism’ to organizing movement group.
The argue of Malcolm X and that of Marcus Garvey were commonly based on ‘black nationalsm’, but they are not compeletely identical. While Malcolm X focused on ‘symbol-value’, Garvey tended to give weight to ‘separatism’ in organizing movement group, the UNIA.